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NU Fertility

Painful sex does it affect fertility

1. First time intercourse – Painful intercourse with or without mild vaginal bleeding may be experienced during intercourse for the first time. It is not always a norm and the first sexual encounter may be pleasurable too.

2. Long gap since the previous intercourse – In couples who have infrequent intercourse, it may be painful while having intercourse after a long time.

3. Certain positions may be more painful due to direct thrusting of cervix. Changing the position will help.

4. Inadequate foreplay prior to intercourse causes pain due to inadequate lubrication in the vagina. When the woman is aroused, the cervix moves backwards and upwards, reducing the discomfort from direct thrusting of penis and sex becomes pleasurable.

Pain during sex is called dyspareunia.
The gynaecological conditions causing painful
intercourse include:

1. Infections – Lower or Upper genital tract infections cause discomfort during intercourse. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment of these conditions provides adequate relief. Pelvic inflammatory disease is the infection of the upper genital tract which causes painful intercourse and affects fertility.

2. Endometriosis – presence of endometrial tissue outside the endometrial cavity causes painful intercourse on deep thrusting of penis. This is a condition which affects the oocyte quality, embryo quality, fallopian tube patency, requiring repeated surgeries and affecting the ability of a woman to conceive.

3. Tight or Rigid hymen – Hymen is the gatekeeper of the vagina. It normally has a gap in its centre and allows for easy passage of the penis through it. If it is too tight or rigid, the entry of the penis into the vagina gets painful. It needs to be coorected by a simple Gynaecological procedure.

4. Adhesions in pelvis due to infection of previous surgery.

5. Large uterine fibroids and Adenomyosis .

6. Atrophic Vagina- there are certain conditions where vagina is not developed. It may be associated with non development of uterus too. Neovagina can be created for the purpose of intercourse and such women can bear children with assisted reproductive techniques.

Vaginismus is an intriguing condition where the woman develops a phobic response to vaginal insertion of penis, tampon or, medical instruments. Any kind of penetration is associated with tensing of the pelvic floor muscles and approximation of thighs. Sex becomes difficult to impossible in such women. Help is available for such conditions and it is necessary to consult a sexual health specialist or a Gynaecologist.

Patients seeking for IVF treatment

Work From Home – A Ray of Hope for Patients seeking IVF Treatment

The demand for IVF treatment is gathering pace. This is because it has helped all those patients who were otherwise unable to conceive. The ultimate objective of IVF is to have a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby. However, today’s digitally driven and stressful corporate world has created a challenge for women who are looking to welcome Motherhood with the help of IVF treatmentHowever now there is a ray of hope as Work from Home is the new norm for most of the employees due to the current crisis caused by the pandemic.

How Work from Home Benefits?

The present pandemic has forced many employees working in the corporate world to compulsorily work from home. While this could slightly be a challenge to deal with those employees, especially working women, who have children to take care of, it can be a boon and much needed boost for those, who are eagerly looking to go the family way.

Success Rates of IVF Treatment

IVF has been a successful course of treatment adopted by many working women globally due to its success rated and flexible pre-requisitesHaving said that, IVF treatments needs to be well-planned, as the procedures involved take time. One of the major challenges women faced while working out of office was to request for time and leave. The high pressure, corporate work environment always made it difficult for women to plan the IVF treatment program.

The other reason is the sensitivity involved in discussing the nature of the treatment with superiors and managers. Many managers would think twice before sanctioning leave due to the stringent delivery schedules and productivity issues. Parallely, women too would find it difficult to discuss as they would want to keep the infertility issue confidential, which is understandable and rightfully so.

Working from Home comes as a big relief for all those working women who would want to plan to take IVF treatment and look forward to have a baby. They can plan their schedule in such a way that they can balance both personal and professional commitments. It is a challenge to decide to undergo the IVF treatment due to the complexities involved. The financial, physical and emotional stress on the patient due to the processes involved could be difficult to bear. This is where work from home can come in as a good solution.


The best part of a women’s life comes in when she is ready to go the family way and attain motherhood. It is one of the most joyous moments to expect her first child. However, finding herself in a position to meet her professional and personal expectations is a challenge in today’s world.

The IVF treatment is a proven way to help women enjoy motherhood in a safe and successful way. The need of the hour is to visit a fertility centre which gives a patient hearing to every patient and offers personalized care. It is of utmost importance to understand the work schedule of the couple and time the IVF procedures accordingly.

How to balance work from home and enjoy motherhood? NU Fertility at NU Hospitals has the answer to all your queries

IVF Fertility Care

Fertility Care – It’s all about being in Good Hands

Life presents us with many choices. It’s the choices we make that determine our future. This is all the more evident in the healthcare sector these days where patients would like to have multiple opinions before going ahead with the medical treatment advised by the physicians relevant to their specific health issues. In other words, patients would like to meet multiple doctors and take their individual opinions. This is also referred to as doctor shopping.

Doctor shopping is widely seen in patients addicted to drugs but there is another sector which is in great demand across the world and continues to see patients being impatient and choosing to doctor shop and that is choosing the IVF treatment to address fertility issues.

IVF continues to by far be the most used medically assisted reproductive technique. However, it has been observed that most of the patients resort to doctor shopping here. The reasons are multiple.

1. Patients want to take an opinion if they really need IVF or could do away with other simple treatments.

– Choose a fertility specialist who clearly justifies the treatment, discusses the other available options and their pros and cons. Discuss the success rates of each of the options available and then decide

2. Next thing to be discussed is the success rate of IVF.

– Always remember IVF success rate is anywhere between 50-65 % across the globe and never 100%. Success depends on multiple factors. Patient factors cannot be changed but appropriate clinical judgement and individualization of protocols can make a difference. Choose a clinician with a good experience. Read their online reviews and consider taking reference from other patients who have undergone IVF there.

The IVF lab and the embryologist make a huge difference in the success rate. Choose a centre which has a well maintained and well equipped IVF lab. Make sure they have a in house senior embryologist. Insist on talking to them so that you can get to know who is handling your embryos and also clear all your doubts and uncertainties. Make sure to enquire about the success rate of the centre which you are considering.

3. Next important consideration is the finance.

– Most of the IVF clinics are not transparent about the charges. They do not divulge the exact price during the discussions with the patients. Most centres offer IVF packages. However, having had to make a choice, you may not be right all the time as you might just be lured into attractive packages and actually end up shelling much more than what you anticipated.

When comparing the IVF packages enquire about the hormonal injections used. Substandard drugs can decrease the cost of the IVF package but may compromise with the outcome. Also find out if the package includes the procedures like semen freezing, embryo freezing, blastocyst transfer, laser hatching, frozen embryo transfer or any other add on s which may be suggested by your fertility expert.

4. Publicity: With many IVF centres cropping up, all of them resort to publicity to be visible. Don’t blindly follow the publicity material. Decide based on the above parameters.


It’s time to choose wise and choose well. Hence make your choices reflect your hope, not your fears. It’s up to you to make a healthy choice. Are you still stuck with making the best choice now?!

Your search ends here at NU Hospitals. You will surely not have to make another choice.



Male Infertity Depression and Treatment

Infertility and Mental Health

How one affects the other and what is the way out?

Parenthood is more than just a phase in life; it’s something a lot of us dearly wait for. But as much as there is a large amount of anticipation and excitement that surrounds pregnancy, same is the amount of psychological impact that the non-conceivability of a baby has on a couple.

The effects are many and have been observed all over the world in patients when they discover infertility. Infertile couples are more prone to emotional deficits such as anger, depression, sexual dysfunction, marital issues, and social isolation to name a few. Some couples have been seen to experience a loss of identity, stigma, and a marred self-esteem. While a woman’s reaction to discovering infertility is much stronger than her male partner’s, studies show that a man’s reaction is hugely influenced by his spouse’s feelings and emotions.

In instances where infertility depression is observed, it is also noted that there exists a strong indulgence of depressed physiology such as imbalance in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, elevated prolactin levels, and malfunctioning thyroids. Changes in the immune function associated with stress and depression may also adversely affect reproductive function.


Male Infertility depression and treatment

It is normal for couples to experience psychological distress during an infertility treatment due to the uncertainty associated with the treatment. No treatment has a 100% chance of conception. The associated IVF failure depression acts as an additive to infertility depression. Studies reveal that IVF depression and stress complements each other.

Psychological ailments may also interfere with factors such as infertility treatment, IVF success rates, and the body’s reception to a treatment. The male infertility depression is common when the male partner realises that he may not be able to father a child naturally.

Counselling at every aspect of fertility treatment and also preparing the couple for the result of such treatment, goes a long way in avoiding IVF depression and IVF failure depression. Fertility treatment should be individualized to the unique needs of each couple.

Although there are still no specific studies on how infertile couples can help cope with the mental consequences, it is believed and practiced that the usual psychological interventions that are beneficial for the larger population works in this case as well.


Another effective treatment in this case is pharmacotherapy but many people step back with the fear that antidepressant medication may put assisted reproductive procedures at risk. While pharmacological therapy is beneficial for both the female and male partner it is however not recommended to use antidepressants during pregnancy but there is no proven impact of medication on infertility treatments.




World Breastfeeding Week

World Breastfeeding Week begins August 1st and ends of August 7th 2020, and is a week dedicated solely to imparting knowledge, facts and statistics about breastfeeding amongst expecting women all around the world.

Here, we have compiled for you, some basic information about breastfeeding, which is vital for every mother-to-be and new mom to know.


Breastfeeding: Let’s start with the basics

  • You’ll need to feed your newborn baby a lot: 8-12 times in a 24-hour period.
  • The easiest way to tell if your baby is getting enough milk is to pay attention to the colour, texture and frequency of poops.
  • After delivery, the lactation hormone, prolactin is released that tells your breasts to make milk.
  • When your baby suckles, another hormone, oxytocin, makes the small muscles in your breast to contract which moves the milk through the milk ducts (let-down reflex) so you can breastfeed your baby.


Types of Breastmilk:

 There are 3 types of breastmilk, your breast milk changes by the week and each formulation is designed to meet your newborn’s precise needs:

  • At first, you’re producing a yellowy substance called colostrum – rich in nutrients and antibodies.
  • Transitional milk.Three to five days after birth, colostrum is replaced with transitional milk.
  • Mature milk.Usually between the tenth day and second week, mature milk finally comes in.


Breastfeeding: How do you do it?

Get a latch on – Your baby needs to firstly find and latch on to your nipple.

Get comfortable. Choose a chair or a glider with back, neck and shoulder support.

  • Line it up – Your baby should always be tummy to tummy with you.
  • Guide baby into place – Place your nipple around your baby’s lips. Baby’s chin and the tip of her nose should be on the breast.
  • Suckling and sucking are different – A suck-swallow-breathe pattern ensures that your baby is latched on and extracting milk from your breast.
  • Get help – A nipple shield can be an effective tool to give him something larger to aim for at first.
  • Break the seal. If you don’t get a good latch, try again. Put your finger into the corner of baby’s mouth and pull your breast out. Start the cycle until you get a seal with both the nipple and the areola covered.


Breastfeeding: A well-fed mama means a well-fed baby. 

You, and now you newborn, are what you eat, and following a healthy postpartum diet is key to breastfeeding success.

  • Drink up.Your body is working hard to make baby’s milk or breastfeeding milk, that’s why it may seem like you’re thirsty all the time. Drink at least eight glasses of water a day to stave off dehydration and keep your milk flowing.
  • Eat a balanced diet.You’ll need three servings of protein, five servings of calcium, three servings of whole grains and five to six servings of fruits and vegetables daily (more vegetables than fruit).
  • Incorporate healthy fats.Load up on brain-building healthy fats, especially omega-3 fatty acids found in low-mercury fish like salmon and sardines and DHA-enriched eggs.
  • Don’t skip your prenatal vitamin.Keep taking it until you’re completely done breastfeeding. You can also keep taking your DHA supplement from pregnancy.


Breastfeeding: Finding the right position

  • Laid-back breastfeeding.Lie back with your head, shoulders and neck supported. Place baby’s whole front on your whole front and let gravity do the work. Place baby’s cheek on your bare breast.
  • Cradle hold.Breastfeed baby while you’re cradling her in your lap with baby’s head resting in your elbow bend. Use pillows to elevate baby’s head to nipple level and cup your breast with the opposite hand.
  • Crossover hold.Hold baby’s head with the opposite hand from the breast that’s currently nursing. Your wrist should be behind baby’s shoulder blades, your thumb behind one ear, your fingers behind the other ear. Use your other hand to cup your breast.
  • Football hold.This position works really well if you’ve had a C-section. Use the hand on the side of the breast that’s nursing to lift baby’s head to nipple level, with her head facing toward you. Again, you can use pillows to help elevate baby.
  • Side-lying position.This is a helpful position in the middle of the night. Mom and baby face each other, both lying on their sides. Use pillows to make sure that baby is raised to nipple level. Use the hand that you’re not lying on to cup your breast.

You can also pump your breastmilk (breast pumping) in advance and keep it aside to feed your baby later. This is done using a device called a breast pump.


Breastfeeding: Should not be painful

Look out for the following problems while breastfeeding

  • Mastitis – When germs from the baby’s mouth enter a milk duct through cracks in the nipple causing infection of the breast.
  • Blocked milk ducts – A painful spot on your breast that’s red and irritated. Keep breastfeeding so that your flow will eventually break through the blockage.
  • Sore or cracked nipples – Lanolin cream applied after each nursing session can help. But more importantly, adjust your breastfeeding position and make sure baby has a good latch.


What are the benefits of breastfeeding?

The benefits of breastfeeding are multifold making it the preferred option over breast pumping.

Breast milk provides ideal nutrition for infants, with an almost perfect mix of vitamins, protein, and fat – everything your baby needs to grow. It’s also more easily digested than infant formula.

Breast milk contains antibodies that help your baby fight off viruses and bacteria. Breastfeeding also lowers your baby’s risk of developing asthma or allergies. Babies who are only breastfed for the first 6 months, without any formula, have fewer ear infections, respiratory illnesses, and bouts of diarrhea and hence have fewer trips to the doctor.

Some studies have shown that breastfed children have higher IQ scores in later childhood. What’s more, the physical closeness, skin-to-skin touching, and eye contact all help your baby bond with you and feel secure. Breastfed infants are also more likely to gain the right amount of weight as they grow, rather than becoming overweight.


Breastfeeding benefits the new mommy too!

Breastfeeding helps burn off those extra calories or baby weight. It stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin, which helps your uterus return to its pre-pregnancy size and may also help in reducing uterine bleeding after birth.

Breastfeeding also lowers your risk of breast and ovarian cancer. It may lower your risk of osteoporosis, too. It also gives you regular time to relax and bond with your newborn.



Brief History of In Vitro Fertilization

Brief History of IVF

Let’s start at the beginning. In-Vitro Fertilisation, or now more commonly known as IVF treatment saw a flicker of hope as early as the mid-1800s. In the mid-1800s, scientists finally discovered the process of artificial fertilization using a combination of sperm and egg.

History of IVF In the 19th Century

In the 1900s, fresh pieces of research on hormones and how they related to fertility began more fervently. Though around then, IVF-like researches were performed on rabbits..

In 1965, Dr. Jones worked with Dr. Edwards of England and fertilized the first human egg in vitro, all for the world’s first IVF baby.

After three years, in 1968, Dr. Edwards joined Dr. Patrick Steptoe in England, and performed a laparoscopy surgery to retrieve an egg and fertilize it in-vitro (in the lab). The results were published in 1969.

In 1973, the first pregnancy through IVF was reported from Monash university by CarlWood and it was a biochemical pregnancy.

In 1976 an ectopic pregnancy was reported by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards.

First Pregnancy through IVF

Then in 25th July 1978, IVF saw its first birth by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. It took 102 IVF cycles to achieve this first successful IVF birth. The couple, Lesley and Peter Brown, became the parents to a healthy daughter, Louise Joy Brown, the world’s first test-tube baby.

In this sentinel IVF birth, the mother had a natural menstrual cycle, physicians laparoscopically retrieved a single pre-ovulatory oocyte from her ovary, fertilized it in vitro, and then transferred the resulting eight-cell embryo into her uterus. Even as the birth made headlines around the world, several legal and ethical questions were raised about the future of mankind. However, this one successful birth presented a happy chance for many couples who were battling fertility issues.

When Second IVF baby was born ?

Second IVF baby was born in India – Durga alias Khanupriya Agarwal on October 3rd 1978 . The Pioneer was Dr Subhash Mukopadyay.

Now with reproductive technology booming, the race for test-tube babies was on. After England’s test-tube baby, Australia announced its achievement in 1980. A year later, USA announced the birth of its very own IVF baby, Elizabeth Carr. But many harboured a big concern: the worry that an IVF baby cannot conceive naturally. The concern was put to rest when Louise Joy Brown gave birth to her own baby in 2006, conceived and birthed naturally.

After the 80s, fertility treatments took off like wildfire. Fertility drugs were improved and further researched on; instead of laparoscopic surgeries to retrieve eggs, doctors began taking it out through the vagina; sperm boosting hormones for men facing fertility issues was being prescribed. Embryo freezing and thawing as well as ICSI have revolutionised the IVF treatment and its outcome.Comprehensive Chromosome Screening is now a very important health check for the unborn baby.

How IVF Treatment has been developed in India?

Growth of IVF treatment has been the fastest compared to any other medical field. And keeping up with the achievements in India, one can now secure the best IVF treatment in Bangalore with us. The positive impact of IVF was so great that now World IVF Day is celebrated on the 24th of July, to commemorate the birth of the first IVF baby – Louise Joy Brown.

Laparoscopy Treatment

Ways in Which Laparoscopy Treatment Can Help With Infertility Problems

Laparoscopy is a surgical discipline which primarily involves the doctor making 1 – 3 small cuts (or incisions) on the body through which a laparoscopic tube is inserted. A laparoscopic tube is a surgical instrument fitted with a light and a camera. Laparoscopy typically helps reduce post-operative pain and reduces the risks of open surgery. That being said, the use of laparoscopy for infertility in women is still a topic of debate as those with pelvic pain may be required to undergo surgery. While an ovarian drilling is the most commonly performed operative procedure, a myomectomy will help in the removal of fibroids from the uterus. In addition to pelvic pain and irregular or heavy periods, these fibroids can also cause blockages in the uterus that can make it more difficult for the woman to conceive.


When is Laparoscopy recommended?

A healthcare professional may suggest to opt for laparoscopic surgery for infertility only after infertility has been tested, and furthermore, if the symptoms warrant it. The conditions for which laparoscopy treatment may be recommended include:

  • Menstrual cramps / pelvic pain
  • Suspected endometriosis
  • Any inflammatory disease / pelvic adhesions
  • Suspected hydrosalpinx: This is a case of a blocked fallopian tube that hinders IVF success rates.
  • Endometrial deposits that are detrimental to fertility
  • Suspected ovarian cyst that may / may not cause pain and / or distortion in the uterine cavity.
  • Fibroids that cause pain


Why is it important?

Although the use of laparoscopy treatment on women for infertility is still a topic under debate, there are certain cases of infertility where laparoscopy is the only viable surgical method as it allows the doctor to see the inside of the abdomen and diagnose any suspicious growth of cysts. Laparoscopy can also be employed to eliminate any scar tissue, fibroid, and / or endometrial deposits.


How is it done?

Laparoscopic surgery requires a hospital environment while employing the use of general anaesthesia. A laparoscopic surgery can be conducted inside a fertility clinic, however, it is not recommended as it requires trained and seasoned professionals who can guide the patient on the necessary preparations. The patient might be advised to avoid eating and drinking at least 6-8 hours prior to the laparoscopy surgery and might even be instructed to take antibiotics during that period.

The anaesthesiologist will place a mask over your face, and after breathing a sweet-smelling gas for a few minutes, you’ll fall asleep. Once the anaesthesia has taken effect, the doctor will make a small cut around your belly button. Through this cut, a needle will be used to fill your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. This provides room for your doctor to see the organs and move the surgical instruments in the right directions.

Once the abdomen is sufficiently filled with gas, the doctor will then insert the tube through the incision made to analyse the pelvic organs. The surgeon may also employ a biopsy for testing. It all starts with the surgeon visually examining the pelvic organs and the surrounding abdominal organs for any presence of cysts, scar tissues, adhesions, fibroids, and / or endometrial growths. A dye can be injected through the cervix, so the surgeon can evaluate if the fallopian tubes are open.

If ectopic pregnancy is suspected, the surgeon will evaluate the fallopian tubes for an abnormal pregnancy.


Post-operative scenario: 

  • The patient, during the surgery, will be under the effect of anaesthesia and will not feel any pain
  • The patient may / may not wake up with a sore throat
  • The area around the incisions may feel sore which is completely normal
  • The patient may also feel bloated due to the excess of CO2 gas inside
  • It will take you 2-3 days to recover from the strenuous effect of the laparoscopy treatment and you can resume most of your activities in 2-3 days’ time depending on nature of the surgery.
  • The doctor may prescribe additional medicines and antibiotics to help you recover from the effects of minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery 



Sperm Donation

It’s All About Sperm Donation

Why is sperm donation done?

Sperm donation is a process where a healthy donor donates his sperms after undergoing few screening tests to help women attain pregnancy in cases where the male partner is infertile or in the absence of a male partner. The process involves a sperm donor who is usually kept anonymous. Direct sexual contact between the donor and recipient is not done, and the donor’s sperms are placed inside the woman’s body through artificial means. However, the nature of pregnancy stays similar and the sperm donor becomes the biological father of the offspring, thus getting an opportunity to father a child as a part of third-party reproduction. The process is usually carried out at a sperm donation centre.


What is the process of sperm donation?

The process of sperm donation majorly involves donor-preparation and a number of tests to analyse the quality and fertility of the sample. Below are the steps involved in the process of sperm donation –

  • Usually, the sperm donor is asked to refrain from ejaculating 2 – 3 days prior to the donation.
  • Once the sample is collected, the sperm bank washes the semen to extract the sperm as unwashed semen may be used only for intra-cervical inseminations to avoid cramping.
  • If the sperm is to be stored in the freezer in liquid nitrogen, a chemical known as cryo-protectant semen extender is added to it.
  • Following the required quarantine, the samples are inseminated into the women’s body.

Follow-up tests are performed to check the success/failure of the insemination.


What is the basic screening criteria for potential donors?

Doctors / Sperm Banks usually screen potential donors for any prevalent conditions such as sexually-transmitted infections. There is, however, a quarantine period during which the sample will be collected and stored in the freezer for 6 months and will then again be tested for any STDs or any new infections that may have accumulated over time. Provided all tests result in negative, the samples can then be transferred and used for treatments / insemination.


What can you expect after the procedure?

Once the insemination is done, the recipient can expect pregnancy. Although medical science has taken leaps in terms of risk reduction and healthy insemination, some threats still persist. However, no sperm donation centre can guarantee a 100% pure sperm because there are certain hereditary conditions which still don’t come under the scope of standard testing procedures.

Sperm donors, more often than not, are also asked to sign a legal agreement with the bank about concerns that involve the rights of the future child.

ivf or tube reversal _nu fertility

Tube Reversal vs IVF Treatment : Which is the better Choice?

Attaining Motherhood and having children is one of the very important stages in life which a woman comes across. Though Pregnancy and Childbirth can get challenging at times, it is looked forward to as stage of immense significance, by every woman. While on one hand, birth control has become a topic for global discussion, on the other hand, there are many enthusiastic women, in their middle ages, who are looking at exploring options to extend their family, even after undergoing procedures towards achieving permanent birth control.

With life throwing up so many surprises at us at all times, circumstances change, relationships change and this might bring in a change in family building goals too. Recent studies indicate that in spite of having chosen the path to permanent sterilization, up to 14.3% of sterilized women request information about possible fertility options within a few years of having undergone the tubal sterilization procedure.

What are the possible options women can explore to achieve their dream of having children, following tubular sterilization?

Available Options

More widely suggested options for patients, in this case, is a surgical reversal of sterilization which is also referred as Tube Reversal or the process of In Vitro Fertilization or IVF, which is gaining global identity at a very rapid pace.

However, out of these two,

  1. which is the most preferred?
  2. Which process is cost-effective?
  3. Which is safer, easy and less risky based on female age? And most importantly,
  4. which process is more likely to yield the desired results?

To answer all these questions, which are on expected lines, let’s get straight into the options involved and study them independently.

Tube (block) Reversal

For simple understanding, Tube (block) Reversal is a short stay procedure, performed as an outpatient, to restore contact between tubal segments. This is a small procedure, performed using microsurgical techniques. Basically, this procedure is aimed at supporting women, who wish to become pregnant without more complex medical attention.

Process Involved during Tube Reversal,

  1. The blocked sections of the fallopian tubes are reconnected with the remainder of the Fallopian tubes, which subsequently facilitate the eggs to move up the tubes smoothly and interact with the sperm.
  2. Your doctor will take a closer look at your medical parameters before suggesting a Tube Reversal procedure. Age, body weight and fertility factors such as the (egg count, sperm quality) are taken into consideration.
  3. Furthermore, one must consider the post-operative recovery period and time off from work, usually relatively minimal but, could be possibly prolonged. Your doctors will also look into possible complexities for ectopic pregnancy as well.
  4. However, it is interesting to note that not every type of tubal sterilizations is reversible. If the earlier fallopian tube segments are either short or subjected to damage due to surgery or infection earlier, the Tube Reversal might not be the best option. Therefore, your doctor would clearly ascertain these factors to come to a conclusion.
  5. An in-depth study of the male partner’s semen sample is also conducted as a part of the pre-surgical tests required.
  6. The time taken to confirm that the Tube Reversal surgery was a success or not is usually 3 months after the surgery was performed.

In addition, it might take close to 2 years for the patient to become pregnant, after the success of the surgery.

Many patients tend to term this waiting period as pretty long as they continue to remain anxious about the results.

Misconceptions about IVF 

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF or In-vitro fertilization continues to gain prominence as a very effective alternative to Tube Reversal. Since its inception in 1970, this technique has been refined and continues to make immense progress with very high success rates.

To put in in easy words, IVF is a procedure by which an egg is fertilized in the lab and then transferred to a woman’s uterus. This facilitates the process of pregnancy to occur by completely bypassing the Fallopian tubes. So, the events which ordinarily occur in the fallopian tubes thus occur in the laboratory, providing a sort of tubal bypass.

The process of IVF allows the choice of the strongest and healthiest embryos.

Compared to a Tube Reversal process, IVF can be thought about as an effective solution, even for problems like advanced age, tube damages beyond repair and male factor infertility. The post-procedure downtime in IVF is rather minimal. However, with the sensitivity involved with the procedure, it is always important to choose a best IVF clinic with care.

This question has been very effectively answered by best Fertility Hospital in Bengaluru, which has proven experience in offering high standard IVF services, to the fullest satisfaction of its patients. The experience and techniques employed by the IVF physicians at NU fertility is a combination of the very latest in technology and subject expertise.

Which then is the best choice: IVF or Tubal Reversal?

One of the best things about IVF is that the time taken for pregnancy is much shorter as it takes only two months for the process to be completed. The age of the woman in question is also important as the choice of whether to go for Tube Reversal of IVF depends largely on this factor. The number of children, a couple would desire also influences the decision. It is well understood that with advance in age, the chances of a woman to conceive is lesser and hence for those women who are above 35 years of age, IVF perhaps be a better choice.

Though women below the age of 35, who would want to attain parenthood again after having undergone Tube Ligation, might look into Tube Reversal, published reports for all age groups truly indicate that the success-per-cycle rates in IVF are better than those for tubal reversal.


Doctors connected with leading medical institutions suggest IVF over Tube Reversal, but that is surely not without a reason. Though there is not much of a difference with respect to cost in both the procedures, IVF enjoys less risk factors and more success rates, than Tube Reversal. Findings have suggested that the chances of ectopic pregnancy with Tube Reversals are as high as 20% while that with IVF is almost legible, as low as (3) %. (The pregnancy rates with IVF in tubal factor infertility are 65%; the highest among all causes of infertility while the pregnancy rates with tubal surgery vary between 20-60% depending on multiple factors.) Compared to a Tube Reversal procedure, IVF does not require a prolonged hospital stay.

Above all, it’s the quality of your medical service provider and the comfort level they offer from the basic stages of discussions that matters and NU Hospitals sees that you are comfortable, both before and after your treatment is completed to your fullest satisfaction.

Male Infertility

Male Infertility – What You Need To Know

When a couple is ready to get pregnant, it should be the happiest and easiest thing in the world. However, for a large majority of couples, getting pregnant is not so easy. There are a number of complications that can arise, either in the man or woman, that can make getting pregnant extremely problematic.
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