Menopause is a natural process that occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop producing eggs and hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone. Menopause usually happens between the ages of 45 and 55, but it can vary from person to person. Some of the common symptoms of menopause are hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, vaginal dryness, and sleep problems.
Hormone therapy (HT) is a treatment that involves taking medications that contain female hormones to replace the ones that the body no longer makes after menopause. HT can help relieve some of the symptoms of menopause and prevent osteoporosis (bone loss). However, HT also has some risks and side effects, such as an increased chance of blood clots, stroke, breast cancer, and heart disease. Therefore, hormone therapy is not suitable for everyone and should be used with caution and under medical supervision.
Menopause care is the holistic approach to managing the physical and emotional changes that come with menopause. Menopause care may include lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, reducing stress, and getting enough sleep. Menopause care may also involve alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, herbal remedies, yoga, meditation, and massage. Menopause care aims to improve the quality of life and well-being of women during and after menopause.
If you are going through menopause or approaching it, you should talk to your gynaecologist about your options and preferences for menopause care and hormone therapy. You should also educate yourself about the benefits and risks of different treatments and make informed decisions that suit your needs and goals. Remember that menopause is not a disease or a problem, but a natural transition that can be managed with proper care and support.